Kano records 140 cases of Gender Based Violence in June

Kano records 140 cases of Gender Based Violence in June


Story from Shafa’atu DAUDA, Kano


About 140 cases of Gender Based Violence (GBV) were reported with some involving minors in Kano State in the month of June 2022.


This was revealed by the Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD) an NGO in the state while addressing journalists during a monthly press briefing on the GBV situation.


The CITAD’s project coordinator, Zainab Aminu said GBV had significantly increased in June compared to the reported cases in May.


“In comparison with the data obtained in previous months, GBV cases are still on the increase. 140 cases were reported via our GBV App for the month which includes rape, sexual harassment, online harassment, sexual abuse and wife battering.”


She expressed happiness over the increased rate of reportage, describing the development as encouraging.


Aminu lamented the increase of GBV cases in Kano, calling on relevant stakeholders to join hands to curtail the scourge.


According to her, the GBV offenders’ database adopted recently by the government will go a long way in curbing the menace, as offenders will rather desist from the act than be publicly disgraced.


Aminu explained that within the period in review, cases of rape were 7, online harassment 22; sexual blackmail 8; sexual harassment 60; sexual abuse 39; wife battering 3 and school violence 1.


“As part of our social responsibility, we would continue to advocate and improve awareness against GBV, but we still urge the citizens to take responsibility in their environment to see that these issues are curbed.”


Aminu appealed to parents, relatives and other key stakeholders to always report cases to the various agencies handling GBV cases, stressing that keeping silent will not protect the victims.


She also called on the government to establish a Gender Abuse Monitoring Unit in the Ministry of Education and its parastatal responsible for education at different levels and in the schools.


Aminu further stressed the need for establishing special courts that will adjudicate GBV cases.


The issue of child abuse, pornography, sexual exploitations and stalking online is becoming a major concern to all the stakeholders as the menace is becoming rampant day by day. For this reason, countries all over the world started to enact laws that will curtail the crimes and prevent predators from getting access to young people online. It is in view of this that the National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) came up with a policy that will regulate the activities of young people on the net in order to protect them and safeguard their privacy which is entitled National Child Online Protection and Strategy.

To have an all inclusive policy, NITDA invited stakeholders from different fields to make inputs into the policy. CITAD as one of the organizations working in the area of Information and Communication Technology and child protection online was offered the opportunity to make recommendations that would be included into the policy. For this, CITAD on the 20th of July, 2022 organized a One Day Public Discussion where it invited stakeholders to give their contributions. At the public discussion, three panellists from different professions such as legal, media and ICT expert led the discussion. The panellists include; Barrister Aisha Haruna Mahdi of Green Edge Attorneys, Amina Ibrahim Idris, Programs, Partnerships and Engagement Officer at Paradigm Initiative and Aminu Adamu Naganye, Senior Correspondent with The Star Newspaper, while Sule Kawu Rano, PhD of the Department of Sociology, Bayero University, Kano served as the chairman at the discussion.


Some of the recommendations offered at the discussions were:

The major tech giant companies should know that there is issue of cultural differences, by this, contents should be sieved according to the regions and countries

Media organizations should be cautious on reporting cases that have to do with children both online and offline

Children should not be allowed to access the internet without the supervision of their parents

Teachers in school should only exposed their students to relevant websites that will help the students in their development both academically and in life

Children to be educated on how to be relating in the internet including how and whom they share their pictures and videos with

Nigerian existing laws on children need to be refilled to accommodate issues of cyber stalking on children

Parents need to be educated on the dangers that are associated with the internet

The policy needs to address the issue of age determinant (to define who is a child)

Parents and guardians should be held responsible for the mistakes committed by their children online

There is need to digitalized the courtrooms in the country so as to be speeding up cases that have to do with child abuse, stalking, trafficking, pornography online

Children should be taught that it is okay to report when they are abused

Government to make ICT and Digital Security and Skills subjects compulsory in secondary schools

Introduce Radio programs on children protection online




Hamza Ibrahim and Sagiru Ado Abubakar

In strengthening Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and startups, particularly in Kano State, the Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD) has on 7th July, 2022 conducted one-day interactive session to recognize the importance of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) to local and global economies in addition to their contribution to sustainable economic development. The Interactive Session held at CITAD Office, Kano to commemorate this year’s Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprise (MSMEs) Day. world Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) Day is a day designated by the United Nations General Assembly to serve as a reminder that small enterprises provide sustainable development goals, encourage innovation, provide livelihoods to millions, and are essential for the economic wellbeing of any society. The theme of this year’s World MSMEs Day is “Resilience and Rebuilding: MSMEs for Sustainable Development.” The session gathered entrepreneurs running small and medium-sized businesses, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency of Nigeria (SMEDAN) and other business actors in Kano with a view to exploring and sharing their experiences on obstacles and challenges to the existence and sustenance of the business.

In his welcome remarks, the Executive Director of CITAD, Dr. Yunusa Zakari Ya’u who was represented by Senior Programmes Officer, Isah Garba noted that the day whose theme is “Resilience and Rebuilding” was originally observed on 27th June, 2022 and it was set by the United Nations to highlight the vital role of micro-, small and medium-sized enterprises for a fair and sustainable recovery. Ya’u added that interfacing the small and medium-sized businesses owners with agencies such as SMEDAN is a way to build resilience and sustainability through experience sharing and networking.


Also in his remarks, CITAD’s coordinator for Jobs Placement and Information Services Unit (JOPIS), Sagiru Ado Abubakar said CITAD took interest in marking the day with stakeholders and actors within the small and medium-sized enterprises because of its passion for growth, promotion and support to enterprises and entrepreneurship activities. Sagiru said, “at JOPIS unit we have been couching, training and supporting entrepreneurship activities, small and medium-sized businesses, ideas and innovations, solutions, etc aimed at providing jobs, livelihood and sustenance to individuals and groups for many years”. “We held several training sessions and hands-on guidance on accessing grants, starting businesses, surviving challenges and excelling, in our database we have good stories to share on individuals and groups we trained who succeeding getting grants, start-up supports, jobs, etc”.

In his presentation on “Resilience and rebuilding of Micro-, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises”, Alh. Muhammad Kamis Umar, Chairman, Association of Sharada Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises narrated series of challenges faced by the enterprises and what he termed as “destroyers” of surviving enterprises. According to him enterprises have had their worst experiences during and at post-COVID periods. “Multiple taxation, high electricity tariffs, high cost of diesel, low or no profit, maintaining workforce, lack of governmental interventions and support to enterprises, etc have severely crippled and killed many enterprises”. “It is shocking how many enterprises have shutdown exacerbating the plight of many families and there are no concrete reactivation mechanisms from the government”. “We normally hear of interventions said to be designed for small and medium-sized enterprises but the irony is these interventions don’t get to the real enterprises, they end up reaching the non-operational and paper-based enterprises this is unfortunate”. “Many enterprises had to lay off staff not because they want but because they want to do that but because of the unbearable situation”. Malam Umar lastly recommended that for micro, small and medium-sized enterprises to recover and survive taxation has to be decent and centralized and subsidy on electricity tariffs be provided to the enterprises.

In his remarks also at the commemoration, Alh. Bashir Jafar Aminu, the Kano state manager, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency of Nigeria (SMEDAN) unveiled programmes and support interventions rolled by his agency to the small and medium enterprises. He said the agency has number of interventions at the moment to support small and medium enterprises such as One Local Government One Product (OLOP), National School Entrepreneurship Programme (N-SEP), Sub-contracting and Partnership Exchange (SPX), etc.

The interface ended with promise for collaboration between the members of the micro, small and medium-sized enterprises community in Kano and the Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency (SMEDAN) in the areas of information sharing, guidance and couching around interventions aimed at supporting the recovery and growth of the enterprises.



CITAD to Provide Digital Skills Training to 200 Girls

The Centre for Information Technology and Development with support of Lenovo Foundation had on the 23rd of June, 2022 organized a One Day Round Table Forum on the Challenges of Seeding and Nurturing Creativity and Innovation among young Women in Northern Nigeria at Hall B, CITAD.

The Discussion which was chaired by Professor Asabe Sadiya Muhammad, Provost, Aminu Sale College of Education, Azare had Dr. Sana Muaz of the Department of Software Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Aliyu D. Aliyu, an Independent Consultant and Malama Aisha Bako, Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer, Onyx Investment Advisory Limited, Abuja as the panellists. The discussion is part of the Centre’s project titled Digital Creativity and Innovation for Girls (DICIG) that will work towards empowering girls to have access to digital skills in order to address the gender digital divide in Northern Nigeria with aim to: Provide digital skills training for 200 girls (100 per year), to produce 80 digital entrepreneurs (40 per year) and create 160 new digital jobs for girls (80 per year) Selected participants were: girls between the ages of 18-30 who have a minimum secondary school education and are from Bauchi, Gombe and Kano States in addition to having an interest in building and running their business.

Giving an update of the project at the forum, the program officer of the project, Engineer Kamaluddeen Umar said the three main objectives of the project are to: Provide digital skills training for 200 girls (100 per year), to produce 80 digital entrepreneurs (40 per year), and create 160 new digital jobs for girls (80 per year). Speaking about how the project will be conducted, Engineer Kamaluddeen stated that the program will be conducted on phases. The phase one of the project will be on the Basis Digital skills which will last for one month and it is expected that the participants will undergo a 20-hour basic digital literary consisting of Introduction to Windows, Microsoft word, Excel, PowerPoint and internet application while the phase two of the project will concentrate on advance Digital Skills which will also last for another one month. Participants at this stage will undergo another 30-hour module of advance digital skills. The phase three of the project will look at business ideation which will take participants two months.

He went further to state that the phase four and five of project will give the participants the opportunities to learn business development support services and Transition to market. At the end, he mentioned that a second level of selection will be conducted at the end of the digital basic skills training where participants will be selected based on the followings: performance at the digital skills training phase, interest to continue and preparation and submission of a business idea. Speaking at the panel of discussion, one of the panelists, Aliyu D. Aliyu, an Independent Consultant started by lamenting that there are a lot of challenges with regards to socio- economic and cultural role in society, he went further to say that over 70% of businesses in the country are controlled and owned by men and there are small number of women role models in the society which is affecting the development and creativity of young women in the society. Speaking about problems solving, Mr. Aliyu stated that women are very creative and good problems solvers, all the young women needed now is thinking outside the box.

He mentioned that to be successful nowadays one has to be creative using digital devices, get inspired by others and have a mentor. Mr. Dahiru said getting a mentor will help one to realize his dreams and bring out his creativity. Citing an example at the discussion, the speaker said there are a lot of young women who are making huge amount of money by using their talents and creativity online; what one needs is just to sit and think outside the box and come up with new innovation. Advising the young women at the forum, Mr. Dahiru said young women need to use their time in a way that will better their lives, use social media in an effective and rewarding way, set their priorities and know how to achieve them. He also advised that in doing business one needs to know that what matter most is herself only, think of the way to get grant and create a great business. Also speaking at the forum, Dr. Sana Muaz of the Department of Software Engineering, Bayero University, Kano started by narrating about her own life, Dr. Sana said she grew up in an area where girls are given less priority and attention. Dr. Sana also said that she met with many obstacles while growing up but passion and zeal to excel made her to keep going. Speaking about the importance of ICT, Dr. Sana stated that for women to be economically independent they need to embrace ICT, and for this to happen young girls need to be nurtured. Discussing on starting new and innovative business by young women in the society, Dr. Muaz said starting a new business is not the challenge but how to sustain it and bring good vision into it. She stated that the issue of competition needs to be looked at; young entrepreneurs needs to be creative and innovative in starting their businesses, don’t just go into business because others are making profit out of it, create your own brand. She added Advising the young girls at the forum, Dr. Sana said this society is a male dominated society but women need to work hard to penetrate into it, however, in trying to penetrate, she advised the participants not lose their women self because one day they will be role model to other women.

Do not be discouraged by failure and what people will say about you, focus on what you believe is good and work tirelessly towards its success. In her contribution, Malama Aisha Bako started by lamenting that most of the apps being created are being developed by men which made the applications to be women biased and not addressing most of the women needs. By this Malama Aisha said women need to be involving themselves and equip themselves with better ICT knowledge in order to compete in this competitive world. She went further to say women can make a lot of money on social media if they utilize the platforms well instead of creating nuisance and making the platforms for chatting and fun. According to her, platforms like TikTok and Instagram are paying and bring huge amount of money to those that know how to use them well. Speaking further, Malama Aisha said there are many young women who are selling their products using technology tools. Giving an example, Malama Aisha mentioned that she knows of a woman that is selling tomatoes in a modernized way, where she package it in a crate to send it to her customers in Lagos and the products are being purchased on social media page she created.

Closing the discussion, the chairperson of the forum, Professor Asabe S. Mohammed commended CITAD for coming up with this initiative, she stated that even though this is not the first time CITAD is organizing this kind of program but this one is unique looking at the approach of the program and the different components its contains. She went further to state that nurturing young girls and women is key to the development of women nowadays and this particular one is timely looking at how young women are being abandoned in the society. At the end she urged the participants to seize the opportunity and the challenge thrown at them to better their lives and the society at large.

CITAD, Lenovo foundation partner on nurturing productivity among young women


CITAD, Lenovo foundation partner on nurturing productivity among young women



The Centre for Information Technology and Development with support of Lenovo Foundation on Thursday, organised a one-day round table forum on the challenges of Seeding and Nurturing Creativity and Innovation among young Women in Northern Nigeria at Hall B, CITAD.

Periscope Nigeria reports that the discussion  was chaired by Professor Asabe Sadiya Muhammad, Provost, Aminu Sale College of Education, Azare had Dr. Sana Muaz of the Department of Software Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Aliyu D. Aliyu, an Independent Consultant and Malama Aisha Bako, Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer, Onyx Investment Advisory Limited, Abuja as the panellists.

CITAD, Lenovo Partner to Empower 200 Girls on Digital Creativity and Innovation

CITAD, Lenovo Partner to Empower 200 Girls on Digital Creativity and Innovation

By Rabiu Musa

HOTPEN – No fewer than 200 young girls and women in Kano state benefited from Digital Creativity and Innovation training organized by the Centre for Information Technology and Development, CITAD to revamp the entrepreneurial spirit as a critical factor for sustainable development.

The Centre said the program is designed to empower young girls to have access to digital skills to address the gender digital divide and reduce poverty in Nigeria.


Engr. Kamal Umar, who is the Technical Officer of the Centre, disclosed this to newsmen on Thursday in Kano.

HotPen reports that the capacity-building training which took place at Hall B, CITAD main office in Kano, titled; “The Challenges of Seedling and Nurturing Creativity and Innovation Among Young Women” had Prof. Asabe S. Muhammad, Provost Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare as the Chair of Occasion, Dr. Sana Maaz from the department of Software Engineering, Bayero University, Kano.

Others include: Aliyu Dahiru Aliyu, Assistant Editor, HumaAngle Media, and Aisha Bako, Chief Executive Officer, Onyx Investment Advisory Limited, Abuja.

Engr. Kamal opined that “Empowering young girls to have access to digital skills is one way to addressing the gender digital divide in the country”.

He said “bridging the digital divide will contribute to the greater empowerment of women to overcome gender marginalization, unemployment, and poverty”. Kamal revealed that the training will significantly assist young women in the de-feminization of poverty and avail them with an opportunity to contribute to their bid for wealth creation.

Addressing the participants during the training, Dr. Sana Maaz went down memory lane and explained to the young women the importance of entrepreneurship in the current tides of technology and self-reliance as a woman.

Dr. Sana recounts her ordeal as a woman in a family of 9 with a single male child in the ancient city of Kano and how she defeated stereotypical maxim associated with women in Northern Nigeria.

Mr. Maaz counseled the young women to develop an open mindset and become drivers of innovation not passengers of it. She noted with dismay the presence of human capital (Seedling) and lack of spirit in nurturing young girls in our societies.

Highlighting the challenges young women are experiencing in nurturing creativity and Innovation in Nigeria, Aliyu Dahiru Aliyu, one of the leading panelist laments how Cultural, Religious and Political milieus among other significant barriers are discouraging digital creativity and innovation among young women.

Aliyu echoed the need to carry everyone along in respect of gender in the current paradigm shift from analog to digital technologies on businesses in the world.

He attributed lack of incentives, motivation, and role models for young women as part of the barriers hindering them to start businesses. Aliyu further advised young women to leverage on digital technologies for wealth creation.



The commitment of the Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD) to inculcate in the minds of the secondary school students an early understanding of the negative impact of corruption on the society through mentoring continues on Tuesday 21st June, 2022 at Hall B, CITAD, Kano. The engagement was third phase among the series of the training workshops organized by the centre to build the capacity of secondary school teachers in Kano State to serve as anti corruption club mentors. The third phase of the training workshop has the following objectives:

  • Train the participants how to coach their students to learn about corruption and how to fight it
  • Understanding the Anti-Corruption Quiz System as designed by CITAD and
  • Prepare students for the Anti-Corruption Quiz 

Malam Isah Garba, Senior program Officer, CITAD, made the welcome remark. In his remarks he reinstated the negative impacts of corruption in all aspect of life and emphasized that as someone who taught for several years knows that teachers can have influence on the lives of their students better than their parent. He said that in one way or another we are all victims of corrupted society as experienced and suffered personal loss, intimidation and inconvenience, due to some corrupt practices. So we have to work hard and help the younger generations through social mechanisms don’t fall victims. He added that good deeds have their own rewards, and quoted the tradition that says “whoever calls to guidance will have a reward similar to those who follow him, without detracting from their rewards at all”. 

Hamza Ibrahim presented the first paper ‘Couching Students to Learn about Corruption and how to Fight it’. The paper explained grand corruption, petty corruption and political corruption as type of corruptions. According to the paper grand corruption consists of acts committed at a high level of government that distorts policies or the central functioning of the state, enabling leaders to benefit at the expense of the public good. The petty corruption refers to everyday abuse of entrusted power by low and midlevel public officials in their interactions with ordinary citizens, who often are trying to access basic goods or services in place like hospitals, schools, police departments and other agencies. A political corruption is a manipulation of policies, institutions and rules of procedures. Political corruption is a manipulation of policies, institutions and rules of procedure in the allocation of resources and financing by political decision makers, who abuse their position to sustain their power, status and wealth.  To assess participants’ knowledge and understanding on the three types of corruptions, the participants were divided into three groups and asked group one to give five examples of grand corruption, group two five examples of petty corruption and group three five examples of political corruption. They should both groups suggest roles that students can play in supporting anti-corruption activities. Below were the group findings. 


  • Contract embezzlement 
  • Employment- sales of offers
  • Distortion of government policies
  • Abuse of power
  • Budget padding


  • Giving and collecting money while breaking traffic rules
  • Favor in hospitals
  • Use of magic centers (giving money to pass exam 
  • Buying offers in public offices
  • Nepotism 

Roles students can play in supporting anti corruption

  • Spreading information to others
  • Changing the attitudes of the students to be morally sound
  • Drawing comics and cartoons 
  • Organizing debate competitions to show the negative implication of corruption
  • By enacting various forms of corruption through dramas 


  • Bribing of electoral officers to manipulate the election result
  • Buying of voters card
  • Bribing of delegates
  • Bribing society with minor gift (tsari) such as scalp, matches, soap, detergents, little amount of money etc
  • Diversion of projects

Roles of students in fighting corruption

  • Avoiding of exam mal practice
  • Students should stop unnecessary requests from their parents
  • Students must stop greediness behavior
  • Students should adopt moral and good characters
  • Organizing dramas, write-ups, and short presentations during assembly on corruption

The second paper was presented by Malam Kamilu Isah titled ‘Understanding the Anti-Corruption Quiz System as Designed by CITAD’. Kamilu said that each school will hold a preliminary quiz in their school. This could serve as intra quiz that allows students to compete within the schools among themselves. Those that emerged winners will represent their schools at the state level quiz. There will be provision of airing the final round of quiz competition live on some selected radio stations. Also, CITAD will make use of extra curriculum activities to provide students with experience, knowledge and skills that otherwise would not gain from the formal school curriculum. Subsequently, he requested the participants to back to their groups and answer the following questions: 1. How do we planned to organize preliminary quiz in our school. 2.  How do we plan to organize anti-corruption quiz questions in our schools? Below were the group findings:

Group one

Question 1

  • By notifying the school authorities
  • Selection of interested students from each class
  • Selection of quiz officials
  • Group of students into categories 
  • Schedules (Date, Time, Venue)

Question 2

  • Training of the students on the different ant-corruption topics
  • Giving assignment to the students
  • Setting questions based on treated topics of anti corruption 
  • Pre quiz
  • Schedule (Date, Time, Venue)

Group two

Question 1

  • By informing the school management and seeking for their approval
  • By encouraging the interesting students, though we have anti corruption programs
  • To motivate the students potential ideas toward the anti corruption programs
  • By fixing time that will not affect their learning for rehasal
  • To enlighten the students on the topics to be participated in 

Question 2

  • The questions should be organized base on what we learnt
  • By consulting pass question papers on the relevant subjects such as civic education
  • By consulting other teachers who have interest in anti- corruption

Group 3 

Question 1

  • Creating of the anti corruption club
  • Selection of the members
  • Awareness of the club members about anti corruption
  • The quiz should be inter classes on the club members
  • The quiz result will be displayed, and the winners will be awarded with soft gifts for encouragement

Question 2

  • The question should be based on what you train the students about corruption
  • The question should be base on the level of their understanding e.g corruption in our country. 

Malam Ibrahim Nuhu, made the last presentation. The presentation tipped the participants how to prepare their students for anti-corruption quizzes. He said that selection of students must consider participating students, language selection, equip the students with information around corruption issues at national, state, and local levels, mitigation strategies and reporting mechanisms such as petitions, whistle blowing, direct call, email and other online platforms. He lastly shared with participants how in two incidences he reported some corruption cases to anti corruption agencies. 



Report of second session of anti corruption training workshop

The effort of the Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD) to build the capacity of the anti-corruption club mentors has on Wednesday 8th June, 2022 continued with the second phase of its four series of the training workshop. The specific objective of the second session training workshop was to guide the secondary school mentors their roles and responsibilities as anti-corruption club mentors, and ways they impart knowledge and help their students to learn about corruption and how to fight it.  In his welcome remarks, Malam Kamilu Isa Ahmad, the program officer of the Engaging Students of Secondary Schools for Raising Awareness about Corruption and Accountability project said that, CITAD has chosen the participants from 18 secondary schools in Kano State to serve as mentors for the anti-corruption clubs established in their respective secondary schools. Therefore, CITAD has responsibility of building the capacity of the participants on how to execute their jobs effectively. He said that a good mentor is a good role model, through words and action, who he is, what he does and offers students a window on a possible career.

To recap the main point discussed during the previous workshop, participants were asked after self introduction to at least tell one thing they could remember during the previous workshop. The following issues were raised during the recap session:

  • Activities of EFCC and other anti-corruption agencies
  • Challenges anti-corruption agencies encounter in their work
  • Corruption is pervasive including school environment
  • Mitigation corruption is the work of everyone
  • Tackling corruption from secondary school level could be the best strategy in fighting corruption 
  • Exam malpractice is another form of corruption and parent contribute a lot especially by allowing magical exam centers to flourish 
  • Schools are producing corrupt products

Malam Sani Ado represented the chairman Kano State Public Complaints and Anti-Corruption Commission at the workshop. He presented paper on ‘Understanding the Work of Kano State Public Complaints and Anti-Corruption Commission (PCACC). He explained that PCACC helps in establishing corruption prevention practices, and increase citizens knowledge against corruption. He then added that the work of the Kano State Anti-Corruption Commission is to receive and investigate complaints from members of the public on allegations of corrupt practices and in appropriate cases, prosecute the offenders. Also, examine the practices, systems and procedures of public bodies and where such systems aid corruption, to direct and supervise their review.

The second presentation was made by Kamilu Isah, as the program officer of the project, Kamilu dwelled deeply on the roles and responsibilities of the participants as anti-corruption club mentors. According to the presentation a mentor should provide guidance based on past business experiences, create positive counseling relationship and climate of open communication, help understand problems and solutions, lead to change through problem solving processes, offer positive reproach in a helpful way, share stories, mistakes and lessons, assign “homework” (if applicable) to test impact, refer understudy to other business associates, solicit feedback from responsibility and come prepared to each meeting to discuss issues. Other roles and responsibilities include organizing periodic discussions on anti- corruption by the mentors, local or internal quiz to enhance commitments, preparing students for general Anti- Corruption Quiz, organizing of Anti-corruption walk in schools, drama and other competitions, tagging anti-corruption massages on school notice boards, leading students to read anti- corruption massages at the assembly ground during assembly and CITAD is expecting other innovation from the mentors.

To discuss, and analyze and explore ideas participants were divided into three groups and asked to work on the following

Group work one

What are challenges that anti-corruption will face and how are these challenges to be addressed? 

Below were the group findings

Group 1

Challenges are as follows:

  • Political influence such as appointment of leaders, (i.e anti corruption), executive may use agencies against opposition, and intervention in judiciary work
  • Socio-economic problems such as poverty, insufficient funding of anti corruption agencies and fear of intimidation
  • Societal problems such as poor enlightenment, illiteracy and lack of competency 


  • Appointment should be base on merit. Agencies should be allowed to work independently
  • Special court should be established
  • Measures should be taken to eradicate poverty
  • Funds should be sourced from international bodies such as United Nation (UN) etc
  • Official of the anti corruption agencies should be allowed to work without fear or intimidation
  • The public should be enlightened properly about corruption through media (radio, TV etc)
  • Ethical and competent persons should be employed


Group 2

  • Lack of higher standard corruption awareness programs
  • Adaptation of corruption habits
  • Non enforcement of laws even with the existence of anti graft commission in place
  • Political interference 
  • Irresponsible governance
  • Individual involvement in the fight against corruption face the risk of being harassed, intimidated, harm, and compromise by government powerful elites



  • We should have sensitizations in programs to create from government and NGOs like CITAD, the problem may be minimized 
  • Frequent enlightenment from the grassroots e.g. home training, schools and other area
  • There should be full implementation of law
  • People should vote good and qualitative leaders
  • The law makers should enact laws for harassment against anti corruption crusaders

Group 3

The challenges are as follows:

  • Lack of support
  • Lack of orientation or awareness programs
  • Political influence
  • Political influence
  • Lack of interest from part of the students
  • Poor implementation of the existence laws
  • Poor correction measures 


  • Support should be given to the anti corruption act through finance, motivation, rtc
  • Conducting workshops, seminars, and public enlightenment
  • Political involvement should be deal with accordingly by laws
  • Development of anti corruption model as part of curriculum
  • Corruption cases should not to be allowed to stay long courts
  • There should be mutual understanding between anti corruption and counseling


Group work two

How do we integrate anti-corruption teaching in the school syllabus? 

Group 1

  • Syllabus are formed by educational bodies, therefore, mentors can only advise the educational bodies to add national values such as fight against corruption
  • All teachers should served as mentors to integrate anti corruption teaching in their lessons at convenient time
  • At school level, anti corruption clubs should be established, run and motivated
  • Quiz, dramas and competition should be organized or presented occasionally based on anti corruption topics

Group 2

  • The mentors should be advised the government to integrate anti corruption teaching in the school syllabus.
  • The curriculum planners should be urged to make anti corruption as a topic in every term and in every class especially in the following subjects, social studies, civic education, Islamic studies, governments, etc
  • Every teacher as a mentor should try to integrate anti corruption in his or her subjects or in extra curriculum activities 

Group 3

  • Creation of anti corruption clubs
  • Teachers/mentors should have awareness on anti corruption
  • Development and implementation of educational values in the curriculum
  • Contextual teaching of honesty and integrity
  • Presentation of papers of anti corruption in school
  • Teachers or mentors should motivate students on anti corruption
  • Short messages on anti corruption should be fixed on the school notice board. Eg corruption is a virus.

Finally the participants made the following observations:

  • Electronic boards should be used on major roads for propagating anti-corruption messages
  • Anti-corruption mentors should use last weeks for each term and organize programs on anti-corruption
  • There are challenges of funding the activities of school anti corruption clubs
  • CITAD should be visiting the anti corruption clubs in secondary schools 
  • The mentors need means of identifications for the anti-corruption clubs