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As part of its contribution to the efforts to address the problem of cattle rustling which has been bedeviling many states in Northern Nigeria, the Centre for information Technology and Development (CITAD) to its training programmes on how to use social media to report cattle rustling to Katsina for Fulani Headers in the State. The workshop held on 23nd August 2015 at the Muhammad Sunusi II ICT Centre, Alqalam University, Katsina. Participants numbering 21 were drawn from different Local Government of the state. The objective of the training was to train herder on the use of social media for sending out alerts on rustling attempts communities. He added that this was part of a large project on promoting peace that CITAD was implementing with support from MacArthur Foundation and thanked the Miyati Allah Katsina State for partnering with CITAD in making the training a reality.

The training stared with a welcome address by Mal Huzaifa Yakub Musa, CITAD Online Apps Officer who expressed appreciation for the participants who inspite of the short notice honored the invitation to be here for the workshop. He said their presence was an indication of the level of scale of importance that they have given to the problem of cattle rustling. Huzaifa explained that in the last two month, CITAD had carried out similar training programmes for herders in Kaduna, Zamfara and Bauchi States and that Katsina was the fourth in the series. He said apart from training the participants on using social media to report rustling, the programme also serves as an opportunity to discuss how to develop collective approach to the problem and to advance advocacy in getting governments and other stakeholders to tackle the problem.

The technical session then stated with a presentation on the Background Document which explained the CITAD CATRIS project (Cattle Rustling Information system) whose aim is to both document, and assist in the process in rescue of rustled cattle through the use of information technology. The presentation explained the various parts of the system and how individuals could fit into trotting providing information, and volunteering to be part of the Network of Volunteers Against cattle rustlingwhose main task is the rescue of stolen cattle and the alert system to security and law enforcement agencies to apprehend cattle rustlers whenever they made attempt on the cattle of herders.

The training started with a presentation on WhatsApp by Shehu Usman Salihu, Programmes Assistant (Technical) who explained what the WhatsApp was and how it can be used to send out alerts. He also explained how people could install the Apps in their hands as well as discussed the types of handsets that could support the Apps. The next session was a practical one on the use of the WhatsApp which started by setting up accounts for the participants who were then taken on how to compose and send messages. He explained that in the platform being developed by CITAD there is provision for people to send messages not just in words by also as codes and graphics. This way, people who were not literate could be able to report when their cattle were stolen. He added that already CITAD was working on a library of codes and symbols for this purpose and that when this finalized it would be made available to the herders, especially through a follow up training like this one.

The third session as interactive one facilitated by Kamilu Isa Ahmed, Programmes Assistant (Peace) which was demonstrated of the online platform and how it works. He took the participants through the process of reporting and how the public could look at the site to see he location with coordinates of where incidence of cattle rustling took place as reported and the features of the surrounding place including coordinates so that that rescuers could have clear understating of the terrain and how to reach the place. He explained that a WhasApp group for this was set up during the training at Zamfara which was MOFTAL FULBE and encouraged the participants to tag up this group than setting up a new one as this way the number of people in the group could expand. Participants asked number questions,seeking clarification or further explanation which the facilitator helped to clarify.

The final session was group that sought the participants to come up with suggestions on what government can stakeholders could do to address cattle rustling in the country. At the end of the session, the following suggestions were made:

  1. That government needs to react more quickly to the plight of herders when it has been doing now
  2. That the police has proved incapable of addressing of the problem due a number of factors including their insufficient number, inadequate facilities and corruption in the police
  3. That there is need to provide more adequate security cover for Fulani settlements which are under attack by cattle rustlers
  4. That there is need to set up a Commission to address issues of cattle rustling
  5. That the National Human Rights Commission should be briefed about the situation and their assistance be sought
  6. That state governments should take steps to recovered grazing fields and paths that have been encroached by farmers which is fueling conflicts that cattle rustlers are exploiting
  7. That vigilante groups should be taken out of the efforts because they have tended to be part of the problem than the solution

The last session was the vote of thanks which was offered by Malama Hansatu and Malam Bello well the Chairman Miyati Allah Katsina State, Alhaji Hassan Kore offered the closing prayer.


Dear members of the press. We welcome you to this press conference. We have chosen to address you to today on the effort to address the plight of victims of Boko Haram insurgency and other violent activities in the country. Since the last five years, millions of Nigerians have come under different attacks from the activities of insurgents such as bombings, gun attacks and other similar acts of terror. While many have died, thousand have been rendered disabled from various injuries. Similarly thousands of children have been orphaned and rendered homeless. Many are living in camps for internally displaced persons who no parents to care for them, these people are needing urgent care from the society to help them be rehabilitated.

It is in this connection that we welcome the directive by President Muhammadu Buhari`s to the Head of Service of the Federation, Mr. Danladi Kifasi to immediately facilitate the release of Five Billion Naira to the Victims Support Fund (VSF). The directive has further demonstrated the commitment of his administration to not only defeat terrorism in the country but also restore the meaningful life of the victims of the insurgency. About 2 million Nigerians have been forced to flee their homes as a result of the insurgent activities in Northeast, and majority of them are living in the formal and informal IDPs camps around the country.

While reiterating our confidence on the members of VSF under the chairmanship of Gen. T.Y. Danjuma, we call on the Federal Government to put in place more mechanisms for the prudent and accountable usage of the fund. This will no doubt ensure transparency and proper management of the fund, and also allow for its independent tracking.

It will be recalled that, in July, 2014 the Nigerian Government has constituted a Committee on Victims Support Fund to mobilize resources and administer appropriate support to victims of insurgency and Boko Haram terror activities all over the country. In executing its mandate, the committee organized a fundraising dinner in the month of August, 2015. It was at that dinner the Federal government, then under Goodluck Jonathan pledged the sum of 5 billion naira to the committee but failed to honour the pledge before leaving office on 29 May, 2015.

Finally, we call on the wealthy Nigerians, private organizations and international organizations to support the cause of the VSF committee as it became obvious that such victims are seriously in need of the humanitarian support.

On our party as civil society, we are committed to the tracking of the use of the fund not only to ensure accountability but also to make sure that it gets to those it should reach as well as produce the desired result and impact in the society.


  1. Kabiru Sa`idu Dakata, Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD), Kano
  2. Mohammed G. Wuyo, Borno Coalition for Democracy and Progress (BOCODEP), Borno
  3. Enoch Raymond, Centre for Environmental Education and Development (CEED), Taraba
  4. Rebecca Hassan, Association of People Living with Disability, Gombe
  5. Aishatu Margima, Women and Youth Empowerment for Advancement and Health Initiative (WYEAHI), Adamawa
  6. Isah Garba, Bauchi Coalition for Improvement of Public Expenditure Management (BACIPEM), Bauchi
  7. Halimatu Laminu, Network of Civil Society Organizations, Yobe
  8. Dauda Mohammad, Northeast Youth Initiative Forum(NEYIF),
  9. Shehu Usman Salihu, North West University Students for Peace (NWS4P)
  10. Abdullganiyu Y Rufai, CITAD4Peace



The Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD) with support from USAID organized a Stakeholders Meeting on the State of Education in the Northeast, the meeting held at the Custodian Hotel, Gombe on 27th July 2015 brought representatives from ministries of Education, Nigeria Union Of Teachers (NUT), Parent and Teachers Association (PTA), SUBEB, School Based Management Committees, CSOs and academics from all the six states of the region. Chaired by Prof Abdullahi L. Tukur, a Chairmen SUBEB Chairman and ex-Secretary top the Adamawa State Government, the meeting had the objective of getting the various stakeholders appreciate the new project that CITAXD is currently implementing in the region to seek their cooperation and support to ensure its success.


The meeting started with opening remarks from the chairman, Prof Tukur who observed that the North East Region was educationally backward. He said that while the population of the region could be of good advantage against other regions at the moment this was yet to be harnessed. He noted that all the slogans of the states have turned out hollow and not reflecting the true situations in the states today. He therefore urged that it was time for us to better sit and think on how to change and this can be done by addressing the problems of the education system in the region.


He suggested adopting some of the following to serve as our core values in addressing our problems.


i. Care and concern: in terms of how we obtain our information not to deviate or fall to deception. And to always have a fallback position since saying the truth, sometimes become a problem.

ii. Cooperation, but compromise: Rigidity may not always be the ultimate, compromise can be driven to good results.

iii. Development work to serve the people than the personal interest of leaders.

iv. Commitment: To patience, perseverance and sincerity of intensions.

v. The education system in the North East has the ability to serve 9.2 million people.

vi. Consistency: In our instrument of measurement to reflect ways of conducting how things should be appropriated by the best (merit) and defy from faith, etc.

This was followed by a presentation on the project, entitle Engaging Stakeholders For Enhanced Educational Governance in the North East Region by Y. Z. YA’U of CITAD. The presentation explained what the project was all about, its objectives, framework, components and expected outcomes. He started by saying that this was a journey from a crisis period to take us out of the crisis into a post-crisis era that required a post-crisis agenda. He said the crisis period is characterized by the current insurgency in the region which is the result of a combination of factors including low educational attainment, poverty, unemployment, poor governance and weak civil society. He said the overall goal was to galvanize all stakeholders toward a comment engagement to revamp the education sector as a key to addressing the myriad of development challenges of the region. He argued that Education was central in addressing the issue of insurgents in the region. He said that given the enormity of the problem, we need all stakeholders to come together, discuss the problem identify solutions; assign roles and responsibilities and together work to ensure that the solutions are implemented. The project hopes to see an increase in access to education, improvement in quality of education, gender parity in educational achievement, mainstreaming of disability issues in the education architecture of the region and addressing the education needs of internally by displaced people. He listed the key components of the project as including baseline survey on the state of education in the region (which had already commenced with an earlier methodology workshop held for the researchers), Public engagements, developing ICT Tools for Expenditure Tracking,, advocacy and regular public engagements. This would be done with the key stakeholders including PTAs, Ministries of Education, SUBEB, SBMCS, ANCOPS, NUT and the legislatures.

  • He said that the survey component for which we solicit the support and cooperation of all the stakeholders was to enable us fully understand the problems of the sector in empirical way with data and information to substantiate it. We expect the outcome of the survey to give us a better knowledge of the funding profile in education sector, education dynamics in the states and education outcomes.


As public engagement driven project, there would be robust public Awareness programme using various means including radio programs, drama, radio jingles, use of social media and public meetings such as this to discuss, share information and to keep the problem on the door step of every individual.


Following the presentation, a question and answer opportunity was provided for participants to either seek further clarification or make more input to the project. Among the key observations were:


Prof. Tukur, the chairman of the meeting raised the following observations. To re-incorporate our commitment to the survey could be a bit rough, taking in to consideration of each state to be an island of its own. In addition governance, peace and security as the key point of the survey, however as a tourist destination, if networks of roads can be crisscrossed, Mambila alone can save the whole of Africa with beverages.


He stated also that, we need government to strategize to stop insurgency otherwise, development cannot take place.


Proportion of students ration in the North East in comparison with its counterpart regions of the south-south and south west for example is too higher and that if half percent commitment given to private schools is committed to public schools, there would be improvement. Observing also that, outcome of the survey should go beyond the government but to involve everybody, adding that the state own schools are not making it at the tertiary institutions.


Ayo Oladini, made his own observation that series of projects have been funded by USAID, America, Japanese but the question here is; Do we share?


Adamu Baba: Also raised the observations that:

1. The pride in being a Teacher is in the product the quality of the instructional delivery is the most important. That there is the need to sit with NUT, and ask the question whether the products are theirs and how so that we can ask them what they want so that if provided we tasks them to achieve quality.

2. Resources: That the North East has resources, according to him, little resources advanced to development partners achieve a lot therefore, the need to harness local partners to achieve result.

3. Political Will: That there is no political will by the six North Eastern States Governments to demonstrate with partners. Though, Gombe State Governor, in order to address the youth confrontation of the “Kalare”, travelled to Lagos, to borrow a leaf of how the youth OPC of Lagos was addressed They were rehabilitated and employed as security personnel, while others trained on various skills acquisition.

Also government does not want to listen, while civil societies have keen interest.


Adamu Muhammad: From North East Youth Initiative Forum (Yobe State), observed that, Nigerians are good planners, infrastructure wise, Teachers, learning-teaching environment, but without improving the standard of teachers welfare. Incentives to teachers be considered such as; accommodation, training, promotions, prompt payment of salaries etc. To him, government are to be blame most and not teachers.


Suleiman Darazo, the team leader for USAID commended on the strategies employed by Y. Z. Ya’u, the Executive Director CITAD, in his presentation to move the state of education in the North East forward. But however, pointed out that, there is no stated clear level of education that the project intends to focus on. And that there is also the need for linkages on how problems will make meaning on the whole issues.


Adamu Muhammad: According to him, proper monitoring and evaluation is what differentiate between the quality of performance in public and private schools. And that passion and commitment is lost out of the teaching profession. Observing also that, prior to the insurgency, North East educational background was on the retrogression.  Though, the situation worsening at present and has hindered on development.


That schools being used as IPD’s camp, deprive learning of incumbent students and a double lost. Parents and students morale have drastically reduced to attending schools in Yobe State, considering high level of insecurity in the State.


Juju Mamman from Maiduguri: Raised the observation that, politics and our youths have played a lot in the educational backwardness in the North East. Researches upon the fact that, an educated youth, when does not participate in politics, could hardly live the affluent life style of the illiterate or half educated youth in politics resulting in a demoralized spirit for learning.


And cannot ascertain what actually is wrong with our teachers. Is it that our children cannot deliver? She also made the observation of what is happening in the teaching profession nowadays to be the same with what is obtainable in our hospitals. The profession has turned out a “call in”. Interest, preferential treatment in the posting of teachers rather than need by schools have over shadowed the systems.


Next time was the keynote address on the topic Education as key to the Development of the North East by Dr. Shu’aibu Musa,, Rector Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi and former Commissioner of Education, Bauchi State. He started by reviewing the concept of education in three perspectives, ie : General Education: This is critical to economic growth and poverty reduction and requires getting children enrolled in schools in turns need the actions of CSOs, functioning of democratic and governance institutions. Second is Girl Child Education for healthier children, justice and equity, improved family life and better society. Thirdly, Technical and vocational education that should imparts skills and competences, aids production of goods and services and provides massive employment.


He reviewed the state of education in the North Eastern States as characterized by

1. Training: The region is generally trailing other regions in the positive indicators; but also leading in negative indicators.

2. Situation worsening due to insurgency.

3. Drew a table of enrolment where a national demographic survey figures revealed 8.8% university enrolment of North East to 24% of the South-south.


He suggested as strategies and priorities the following:

1. strengthening of ministries and state UBEs:

- Project identification and contract administration.

- Provision of infrastructural materials.

- Enhance PTA and community participation and completion.

2. Repair/rehabilitation and provision of additional schools.

3. Up scaling of Almajiri and nomadic schools.

4. Teacher education and training workshops.

5. Strengthening of inspectorate departments.

6. Special attention to technical and vocational education.

- regularize appropriate system.

- Establish technical and vocational centres.

- Special scholarships for students in technical and vocational education.



Adamu Baba Audu: observed that there was problem in 2006 with Federal Government Teachers Scheme and also how to justify the fake results being issued with genuine signature of provost or registrar of schools? Could this be attributed to the institution or new technology? That students themselves have no commitment to learning but instead bribe their ways to get through system.


Muhammad Magaji: PTA Chairman Gombe stated that politics has completely been messed the education sector. To him, there is improper funding of schools, inflating credits in examinations, wonders if this could be attributed to teachers, government or who? Insurgency also serving a key factor, truth needs to be told, segregation in terms of education, teachers’ welfare neglected. All these combined to set a drawback to education in the North East.


Rebecca Hassan: reported on incident of a Federal Poly student who lost her eye sight and pleaded for an avenue to continue her education, drawing attention to the problems of people with disability in the education sector in the region.


Shu’aibu  Adamu, delivered a message by North East coordinator sign language interpreters associatio that disabled people should be included in the normal schools and a sign language for the deaf be improved upon in our schools. Parents of the disabled be enlightened on how to relate with their children who have such problems. Also the North East states should have special education centers included in their tertiary institutions.

Mrs. Loise: representative of Ministry of Education, Bauchi, observed two (2) factors responsible to the state of education in the North East.

1. Teachers quality

2. Quality assurance

Changing the nomenclature from inspectorate to quality assurance to her did not yield result. Inspectorate she said was feared most to the name quality assurance.


Finanga Yakubu Amtassa, MAUTech, Yola Observed,

1. Quality of Teachers:

Most teachers pick up teaching as a last resort. This point has turned out to be a national issue. With the situation worsening in the North Eastern states, the same scenario affects every sector. The number of schools drop outs is on the high rate. He stated that only education sector and doctors are in real work force. That even responsible literate parents, bribe in respect of their children to pass examinations.


Alh. Baba Lawal of NUT, Maiduguri observed that in view of all other submissions, education is the responsibility of all. No one section is to blame.

Most of the teachers attended a crash program at the NCE. Unlike in those days that from on set of NCE, you are assigned a pupil class to manage, government should look inward to revisit teachers training, employment, and its conditions.


Most a times there are no interest to teaching profession. Posting conditions too is out of place. Posting is on the basis of interest and not need by schools. Incentives are not provided.


Sale Mabudi, Director Inspectorate, Gombe commended the presentation to be an excellent presentation to have touched basics and even post basics, citing example with the problems in the health sector in the North East.


Believing also that education is key to development. Increase funding in to education would improve upon the system. Politics have played a vital role, Ministry of Education, SUBEB are constrained by political influence in areas as posting, recruitment, etc. Politicians should be sensitized not to interfere into education sector. Commended the present Gombe State administration in terms of schools construction in areas that are hardy accessible. Teachers’ recruitment has increased, but the organization is still faced with problems of resignations of teachers on weekly basis. In order to retain them, incentives have to be enhanced in relation to posting to rural areas in particular and other welfare. This is addition to the high number of people seeking admissions into schools as a result of the insurgent activities as they share boundaries with highly affected areas. Advocacy should be paid to parents to enroll their children in schools to overcome the outrageous number of school age children at home.


Samson Ada, Director Inspectorate Division, Taraba State, admitting to all other points stated by other stakeholders, stressed emphasis on training and strengthening inspectorate division and providing adequate fund. He also observed that the chief executives of the State needed be reminded to fulfill their campaign promises because at times you budget, but funds not really released.


Lawall El-Rufa’i,  commended the presenter, but also admit that even those with the NCE and B.Ed, pick up the appointment as a last resort and as such cannot make a quality teachers. Passion and commitment have to be inculcated hence, the need to call for Grade II teachers. Most often also the NCE students are school dropouts, who hardly could cope with academic stress, and are encouraged to pick NCE course at tertiary institution.


Political interventions have also contributed in distorting the system. Appointment into education offices should be considered on education experience and qualification and not political inclined partners.


Halimatu Laminu, observed also that, teachers employed without teaching qualifications should be re-oriented on teaching methods, to be able have effective teaching-learning class control and to also deliver.


Kawu Munguno, University of Maiduguri, stressed the emphasis on the following points

1. Quality of leadership. Criteria for leadership most be ear-marked. To him, all his local government chairmen must have a minimum degree qualification.

He added by given an example of a campaign statement of a contestant that, “If you vote for me, I will not force your children to come to school.” And asked could be said about such a person to improving education in the sector.


2. Attitudinal Change of everybody is essential. Sentiments overrides procedures and competency, that even at the university level, people bring in their wives to become lecturers even when they cannot deliver. Wonders if such could happen at the university level, it could extend to all other sectors.


3. Integration: Schools are homogenous in nature and a reflection of the whole country, contrary to what is happening at present.


He added that, there is beauty in diversity which boils down to our manner. We should allow other people different from our communities to be part of our educational system. He solicited as a researcher for support and cooperation to provide them with necessary information to help put on record to get the education institution right.


Responses to key points in observations raised by respective stakeholders by Dr. Shu’aibu, Rector Federal Polytechnic:

1. That it is interesting that people are taking about Teachers, funding, inspectorate as parameters.

2. Funding: Judicious utilization of what is being funded should be advocated.

3. Counterpart funding: Money is budgeted, but is not met. Therefore we need attitudinal change.

4. Teacher Education: Agreed that there is a missing link when the Federal Government decided to abolish the teachers colleges, he rejected the decision as commissioner for education, but all his could not see the light of the day. Teacher training must be taken seriously he said. Instructional materials without instructor, is nowhere he said.

5. Politics: Education is politicized in terms of structuring of schools, recruitment, posting etc. and must be stopped.

6. Monitoring and Evaluation (Inspection): Facilities and transportations should be provided. In addition to recommendation made during inspection be executed.

7. Constant change in policy: The constant change in different policies, without allowing policies to mature has an adverse effect on educational draw back.

8. Fake Results: The value attached to paper qualification has resulted in such situations. A typical example in Bauchi where three (3) people presents one result for appointment.


The attempt to screen teachers in Bauchi and Edo States to ensure quality was rejected by Union leaders. Any agency recruiting should adapt the policy of verification in order to minimize such act.

9. In respect of the student who lost her sight; we should be in be in position to advocate for social inclusion of people living with disabilities in the three levels of education; primary, secondary and tertiary institutions. And that contact would be made to find possible university admission in her favour to accommodate the student at the University of Jos.

10. Social Inclusion: Basic and post basic agitation for inclusion should be taught to attain the same school with other normal children rather than segregation.

JAMB conducted effective and successful UTME examinations this year for people with special needs. Commitment should be involved to achieve such.


The last session was a brief presentation on challenges in understanding the state of education in the north east by Dr. Raji Boye of the Yobe State University. He said the objective of his presentation was to raise some key challenges that the baseline survey researchers were likely to face and therefore seek the support of

1. Enrolment, i.e. for the students to still remain in class not being chased to come to school. He also stressed that the gap is still widening.

2. Low Funding: we need to know what funds go into the sector and how it is being used and managed.

3. Qualitative education: what are the key indicators for quality of education in the region and how can these be measured?

4. Functioning schools: how do we capture the state of the schools in terms of facilities, equipment, teachers, etc.

5. Availability and Collection of Data (Statistics). What level we are and what level are we going? i.e. getting accurate and the willingness of the officers to give the data for work,.


To get the following data such as number of enrolment, structure, disability, teachers and their qualification, students enrolled and remain in schools, facilities such as electricity, water, etc. he ended by presenting the researchers to the stakeholders.

Forest Mapping, Catalyst For Containing Cattle Rustling – CITAD

By Bashir Mohammed

Programme Officer, Centre For Information Technology and Development(CITAD), Abdul-Ganiyu Rufai Yakubu, has described forest mapping as a major catalyst for containing the persistent scourge of cattle rustling all over the country.
Speaking at a one-day workshop on forest mapping, taking Kamaku forest as a case study, organised by CITAD in conjunction with Google developers at Bayero University, Kano (BUK), Yakubu also stressed the need for effective networking of all the major black spots in the country where cattle rustling had almost become a recurring decimal, saying such activities “can be monitored via the web sites.”
He said the persistent activities of cattle rustlers was becoming a battle too tough for even the security agents to handle “looking at the thick and complex nature of the forests where cattle rustling has taken a disastrous toll on the Fulani whose cattle were almost rustled on a daily basis,” adding that with effective mapping the security agents would be able to identify their targets.

He said CITAD had also seen the compelling need to introduce the Cattle Rustling Information System (CATRIS) which could also serve to make the issue of broader networking feasible,
He said: “What we all want from the security agents is constant provision of information on where and when a certain incident is taking place. We can only beam our search light and identify the exact location via the websites the security agencies would use our findings to pounce on their targets.”

Yakubu revealed that the issue of conflict resolution could be exhaustively tackled through the adoption of modern techniques of digital age communication such as mapping the forests, stressing that CITAD had deemed it appropriate to chose Kamaku Forest as a case study “looking at its strategic importance in solving the problem of cattle rustling.”
He called on the partners responsible for developing Google to be alive to their responsibility, “most especially now that the challenges of addressing the issue of insecurity are enormous.”

Link  http://www.blueprint.ng/2015/07/09/forest-mapping-catalyst-for-containing-cattle-rustling-citad/


By Sufyan Lawal Kabo

In addition to the previous Social Media for Peace Advocacy workshops in Kano, Bauchi, Abuja and Jigawa state, the Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD) with support from MacArthur Foundation conducted a one-day training on Use of Social Media for advocacy for CSOs in Zamfara state. Twenty (20) organizations attended the workshop which held at Fulbe Villa Hotel, Gusau, capital of Zamfara state on 12th of June, 2015.

The workshop was organized over the course of one day and it included combination of presentations, interactive discussions, and roundtable sessions.

The specific objectives of the workshop was:

  1. To conduct training for civil society organizations members to use social media to promote tolerance, diversity and peace in Northern Nigeria
  2. To encourage CSOs to setup social media platforms for peace campaign
  3. Develop and deploy social media platforms to be used to promote tolerance, unity in diversity and peace in Northern Nigeria
  4. Engage civil society organizations and other stakeholders to articulate alternative appropriate and effective framework for addressing the myriad of violence afflicting the country


Malam Musa Umar, CITAD’s Focal Point in Zamfara gave the welcome remark which he in it described the background and objectives of the workshop. He further stated that social media is a powerful and widespread communication platform for exchanging ideas and information among citizens, institutions and communities and it has presented enormous opportunities in utilizing them for peace campaign and other socio-economic development.


The first presentation was on Understanding Social Media facilitated by Malam Musa Umar. He described ICTs as a media shorthand for new communications technologies and can be unique in three important ways: these are Ability to transcend time and space constraints,  de-professionalization of information processing and Integration of the various forms of media into a common platform. Besides, it is a web-based and mobile technology to turn communication into an interactive dialogue.

CITAD Media Officer, Sufyan Lawal Kabo took the next paper titled Case Study which explained the myriads of unrests engulfing the northern part of Nigeria as a result of insurgency attacks. This was made to be more of an interactive session in order to gain inputs and for experience sharing among the participants. The presentation also explained the objectives, goal and methodology of the peace project initiated by CITAD.

The next item was the theoretical and practical on Use of Facebook, Twitter and YouTube apps by CITAD Peace Club Officer Malam Kamilu Isa– these include how to build friends and followers.

Other papers being presented during the workshop were: Planning Social Media for Advocacy, Using Social Media for peace campaign and Evaluating Social media campaign.

During the group work session, the participants split in three groups and came up with some recommendations as follows:

  • Civil societies should synergize to advocate to the legislators for network improvement by the service providers for effective social media advocacy.
  • CSOs should collaborate with media organizations/Media Houses to disseminate peace messages
  • CSOs should try to make good use of use of social media for their activities.
  • Government should make bandwidth more affordable to citizens
  • CSOs should work actively towards sensitizing the people at the grassroots on the use of the social media for advocacy
  • CSOs should use social media to promote peace and national unity



fulbe fulbekd

By Sufyan Lawal Kabo


About 23 members of the Kaduna state chapter of the Fulbe umbrella body organization Miyetti Allah, participated in the workshop on Using Social Media to Fight Cattle rustling. The participants were drawn from some rearing areas of Kaduna state namely Chikuri, Buruku, Brnin Gwari, Kagarko, Kachia and Chukum.  These are areas where cattle rustling enigma worsened. Held on 28th June 2015 at Aso Motel along Muhammadu Buhari Way Kaduna, the workshop was organized by Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD) with support from MacArthur Foundation.


The objectives of the workshop:

  1. To sensitize participants to the use of social media in reporting and tracking cattle rustling
  2. To initiate a network of  volunteers for tracking and rescuing rustled cattle
  3. To brief the participants on the Cattle Rustling Information System (CaTRIS) that CITAD is developing to document, track and help to rescue cattle from rustlers.


The workshop

During the workshop, the participants were taken into a background presentation on the case study which is Cattle rustling and the consequences they come with which includes loss of lives, conflicts, increase in spade of violence in the country etc, then a discussion on the need for the creation of a national framework to address the problem.

CITAD’s Media Officer Sufyan Lawal Kabo further extended to the participants CITAD’s plan on initiating the Cattle Rustling Information System (CaTRIS). The CaTRIS which involve geo-mapping of cattle tracks and grazing reserves on the Ushashidi platform will allow victims to send in information using either text message, whatspps or other forms of social media to the network control centre, which will then broadcast the information using various channels to a network of volunteers who would volunteer to help in locating the rustled cattle. Since the information is geo-referenced, volunteers will have instantaneous idea of where the rustling had taken place and with a geo-mapped of the routes will know the likely routes that the rustles will take in the neighborhood. The system is also going to work with shared codes for people do not know how to write to send in reports using codes and symbols.

The objectives of CaTRIS are:

  • To provide rearers with training on use ICTs to send or receive alerts on rustling attempts
  • To provide cattle rearers with reporting mechanism should their cattle be taken
  • Provide an alert system to provide information to volunteers who will help in tracking stolen cattle
  • To document cases of cattle rustling so that we can have a robust database for advocacy purposes
  • Provide rearers with the training on use of modern tools that will help in tracking stolen cattle etc.

CITAD’s Peace Clubs Officer, Malam Kamila Isa facilitated the next presentation which was a hands-on training on use of Whataspp for reporting cattle rustling. He started by providing a list of lit handset that could download the apps and install; thereafter he assisted some of the participations to install the application in their handset. He then took them through setting up their personal accounts and then making post. During the exercise, Kamilu Isa introduced them to Moftal Fulbe, a Whatzapp group that was earlier created during the Zamfara workshop on Using Social Media to Fight Cattle Rustling held on 11th of June 2015 (See www.citad.org)   Instantly, some of the participants that are already on Whatzapp joined the group and those with smartphones were taught how they can subscribe to the application and he as well illustrate to them various ways in which the herders could share information as well as report cattle rustling.

The next item was training on use of simple codes to send alert/tracking messages unto a database for others to see and take quick actions on rustling attempts or if their cattle are eventually rustled. CITAD came up with this considering the fact that except a few Fulbe youths, most cattle rearers barely use smartphones that supports applications like Whatzapp. The session was practiced and after a deliberation, some codes were suggested to use as symbols of alerts and for tracking.

Lastly, an interactive session was held. In it the participants narrated different ordeals of the cattle rustling incidences they experienced. Such were:

  • A large number of cattle were rustled from the Fulani in most cattle rearing areas of Kaduna state.
  • Rustlers have now instigated the act of abducting women during their raids.
  • For over five years, herdsmen living in most rearing communities sleep with one of their eyes open for fear of sudden attacks by rustlers.
  • The cattle rustlers arm themselves with sophisticated weapons and walk freely in towns, rearing communities chanting threats.
  • The few security agents that government use to deploy barely go to the hot zones where cattle rustling occur. They only hang in towns and threaten innocent people.
  • Security agencies especially the Police are doing nothing to combat the phenomenon. Rather, they are using it as opportunity to extort money from cattle rustling victims. There are cases where these agents detain Funalis who report such cases to them and until they collect huge amount of money from their family members, they barely release them.
  • The mystery of cattle rustling cannot be handled by Hardos (Fulani leaders) and Fulbe organizations. It requires the core interference of the state and federal government.
  • Cattle rustling culture is gradually diminishing as most Fulanis are now abandoning it due to fear.

They recommend that:

  1. Government interference in cattle rustling phenomenon should go beyond sending handful security agents to combat cattle rustling paradox
  2. Government should work hand in hand with Fulbe organizations in combatting cattle rustling in the region.
  3. Fulbe organizations and other volunteer groups should organize a peaceful demonstration for government to interfere in their plights.
  4. CSOs to mobilize the Fulani to form organizations and interactive forums that will comprise their fellow rearers and leaders in assisting each other especially on security issue


By Sufyan Lawal Kabo

The second workshop on the training on use of Social Media for reporting cattle rustling was held at Old Central Office behind Emir’s palace, Emir’s Drive, Azare, Bauchi state on 17th of June 2015. The second of the series as well held for Fulbe organizations, field cattle rearers, Hardos (Fulani leaders), community leaders etc. It was attended by representatives from various Fulbe organizations across Bauchi state. These include:

    • Members of Fulbe Development Association of Nigeria
    • Miyetti Allah
    • Fulbe Youth

The workshop started with a background presentation on Using Social Media to Fight Cattle Rustling was taken by CITAD’s Media Officer Malam Sufyan Lawal Kabo. In it, the phenomenon of cattle rustling was presented alongside the Cattle Rustling Information System (CaTRIS).

The objectives of CaTRIS are:

  • To provide rearers with training on use ICTs to send or receive alerts on rustling attempts
  • To provide cattle rearers with reporting mechanism should their cattle be taken
  • Provide an alert system to provide information to volunteers who will help in tracking stolen cattle
  • To document cases of cattle rustling so that we can have a robust database for advocacy purposes
  • Provide rearers with the training on use of modern tools that will help in tracking stolen cattle etc

The CaTRIS which involves geo-mapping of cattle tracks and grazing reserves on the Ushashidi platform will allow victims to send in information using either text message, whatspps or other forms of social media to the network control centre, which will then broadcast the information using various channels to a network of volunteers who would volunteer to help in locating the rustled cattle. Since the information is geo-referenced, volunteers will have instantaneous idea of where the rustling had taken place and with a geo-mapped of the routes will know the likely routes that the rustles will take in the neighborhood. The system is also going to work with shared codes for people do not know how to write to send in reports using codes and symbols.

The second session was a hands-on training on use of Whataspp for reporting cattle rustling. This was facilitated by CITAD’s Peace Programme Officer, Malam Abdulganiyyu Rufa’i who started his presentation by providing a list of handsets that could download the apps and install, and thereafter assisted some of the participations to install the application on their handsets. Having done that, he introduced them to Moftal Fulbe, a Fulbe socio-cultural WhatsApp group which was earlier created by the coalition of Fulbe groups during the Zamfara workshop on cattle rustling. The participants’ phone numbers were added to the group as its new members.

It was followed by a session on the use of ordinary phones for reporting.  For the non –literate Fulanis, illustrative codes were developed and agreed to be used in reporting and tracking incidences of cattle rustling.

Finally, an interactive session was held. In it, the myriads of cattle rustling in Bauchi state and other related issues were discussed. Some of the participants shared their experiences on cattle rustling in their communities. Suggestions by the participants on how Cattle Rustling phenomenon can be tackled include:

  1. Fulbe organizations to pay advocacy visits to government and other stakeholders to complain the depth of their plights
  2. More Civil Society Organizations to join in the fight against cattle rustling in the northern region
  3. Fulbe organizations to create communication strategies among them
  4. Participants to share the knowledge acquired during the workshop to sensitize their members




Cattle rustling refers to the mass stealing of grazing cattle. It is a situation in which farmers lost cattle to cattle thieves while grazing. Traditionally, cattle rustling have been driven by the criminal intent to expropriate cow for meat or for sale. Pertinently, it must have served as a means of primitive accumulation of cow-herd in the contexts of subsistence and commercial pastoralism. Over the years, cattle rustling have evolved into a pattern of organized crime with immense criminal sophistication and efficiency. Hence, contemporary cattle rustlers operate with modern weaponry and their operations are marked by trans-locational and trans-national syndication. Some of the consequences of cattle rustling include:

  • Frequent ethno/religious conflicts with loss of lives
  • Increasing spade of violence in the country
  • Loss of GDP by affected states
  • High social costs to both individuals and the nation


Over the years, cattle rustling in northern Nigeria has become a great issue that is threatening the cattle rearing culture and business associated with it. It has manifested in various scales and dimensions across the regions impending in various strategies and aftermaths.


The Workshop

Considering the aforementioned, the Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD) as part of its peace building effort decided to organize a series of one day workshop on using social media to track cattle rustling. The first of the series held on 11th of June 2015 for Fulbe organizations, field cattle rearers, Hardos (Fulani leaders), community leaders etc at Fulbe Hotel, Gusau, Zamfara State. It was attended by representatives from fifteen (15) organizations, including other influential personalities in Zamfara attended the workshop. Some of the organizations were:

  1. Miyetti-Allah organization, Zamfara state chapter
  2. Fulbe Development Association
  3. Fulbe Nane Haame
  4. Farmers/Fulani Reconciliation Organization
  5. Dan Sadau Youth Organization
  6. Voluntary Aid Initiative
  7. Ministry of Commerce
  8. Save the Society
  9. N.U.R.T.W. Zamfara state
  10. Save Mothers and Children Initiative
  11. Fulani group
  12. Initiative for Muslim Women of Nigeria
  13. Fulani Initiative for Protection of Environment and Less privilege


The objectives of the workshop were:

  1. To sensitize participants to the use of social media in reporting and tracking cattle rustling
  2. To initiate a network of  volunteers for tracking and rescuing rustled cattle
  3. To brief the participants on the Cattle Rustling Information System (CaTRIS) that CITAD is developing to document, track and help to rescue cattle from rustlers.

The workshop started with a background presentation on Using Social Media to Fight Cattle Rustling was taken by CITAD’s Media Officer Malam Sufyan Lawal Kabo. In it, the phenomenon of cattle rustling was presented alongside the Cattle Rustling Information System (CaTRIS). The CaTRI which involve geo-mapping of cattle tracks and grazing reserves on the Ushashidi platform will allow victims to send in information using either text message, whatspps or other forms of social media to the network control centre, which will then broadcast the information using various channels to a network of volunteers who would volunteer to help in locating the rustled cattle. Since the information is geo-referenced, volunteers will have instantaneous idea of where the rustling had taken place and with a geo-mapped of the routes will know the likely routes that the rustles will take in the neighborhood. The system is also going to work with shared codes for people do not know how to write to send in reports using codes and symbols.

The objectives of CaTRIS are:

  • To provide rearers with training on use ICTs to send or receive alerts on rustling attempts
  • To provide cattle rearers with reporting mechanism should their cattle be taken
  • Provide an alert system to provide information to volunteers who will help in tracking stolen cattle
  • To document cases of cattle rustling so that we can have a robust database for advocacy purposes
  • Provide rearers with the training on use of modern tools that will help in tracking stolen cattle etc.

Following the background presentation, the participants broke into small groups and brainstormed on how the issue of cattle rustling could be addressed. The groups later make presentation of their deliberation as follows:

On the side of government:

  1. Government should engage Fulani community leaders in designing frameworks for tackling the menace of cattle rustling
  2. Government should provide good education and other necessities for the Fulani communities
  3. Government to increase budgetary allocation for the development of grazing reserves
  4. Government to address the grievance of cattle rustlers
  5. Government to provide effective security measures in all rearing communities and nomadic routes
  6. Government should intervene in all rusting cases hanging in courts, police stations and with other security agencies to ensure that justice is done


On the side of CSOs and CBOs

  1. CSOs to mobilize the Fulani to form self-help organizations and interactive forums that will comprise their fellow rearers and leaders in assisting each other especially on security issues
  2. Conduct advocacy visits to the government agencies and other stakeholders for the implementation of policies and measures that will solve cattle rustling
  3. CSOs to volunteer in sensitizing the Fulani on using modern communication technologies in reporting and tracking of stolen cattle
  4. To collaborate with Fulani traditional rulers, community leaders, youth and women leaders in order to achieve desired objectives

The third item was a hands-on training on use of Whataspp for reporting cattle rustling. This was facilitated by CITAD’s Peace Clubs Officer; Malam Kamilu Isa. He started by first providing a list of lit handset that could download the apps and install, thereafter he assisted some of the participations to install the application in their handset. He then took them through setting up their personal accounts and them making post. A demonstration group, Muftal Fulbe was set up which was then used for the training to illustrate various ways in which the headers could share information as well as report cattle rustling.

The final session was on next steps which was to identify what other follow up activities should follow. It was agreed that there should be advocacy to key stakeholders and sensitization activities among herders. It was also agreed that participants will share the knowledge with others. CITAD will on its own after doing the first round of consultation call review meeting to update the participants on its findings and the state of the CaTRIS.


By Khadeeja Idress Ismail

On Thursday, 23rd Thursday, 2015 being the 4th Thursday of April was marked globally as the International Day for Girls in ICT, a day set aside to draw attention to the need to bridge the gender dimensions of the digital divide .as part of this, the Center for Information Technology and Development (CITAD) organized a public lecture for women and young girls with a view to sensitizing them to the relevance of Information Communication Technology (ICT) particularly for young girls and for them explore opportunities that knowledge of ICT would open for them.

The public Lecture which took place at CITAD’s Conference Room, Kano was by over twenty 20 girls. The event started with a welcome address by Khadeeja Idress Ismail, Youth and Gender Officer of CITAD who also explained the purpose of the meeting, she said this was to encourage girls to embrace and consider making a career in the ICT profession. This was she noted in addition to the fact that ICTs are very important tools to our daily lives and activities.

The welcome address was followed by a presentation by Kabiru Saidu Dakata, Senior Programmes Officer on Understanding the Importance of the Girls in ICT Day during which he and gave a brief history of International Telecommunication union (ITU) which recommended the day celebration.

He was followed by Fatima Ibrahim who talked on ICTs as Tools for Personal Empowerment. She argued that ICT skills was now mandatory as no know can hope to make success of whatever she does without using ICT tools. Other speakers were Abdullahi Jido, Hamza Ibrahim, Ado Shehu. Ado Shehu who spoke on Educational uses of ICT said that nowadays even to gain apply for admission to higher education required ICT skills. The event was rounded up by question and answer session

Lunch Time Advocacy Visit to Emir of Kazuare


kazaure2 kazaure3

By Sufyan Lawal Kabo

Passing through Thomas Dam in Danbatta, Kano State on the way to Kazaure, the capital of Kazaure Emirate in Jigawa State gives you an opportunity to reflect on what Boko Haram insurgency in much of north east and parts of North West of the country. Here was abandoned the land, fear of attacks especially in Yobe and Bornu has driven away the farmers from the land. This was in the our minds as we set to meet the Emir of Kazuare, Alhaji (Dr) Najib Hussaini Adamu (CON) on a scheduled peace advocacy meet on Tuesday, 21st April 2015. There is also the fact the Emir, ever gracious of his time, has given as lunch time as the time to meet him.

Led by Malam Ahmad Abdullahi Yakasai, the team met the Emir in his palace along some of his kingmakers as well as courtiers. Malam Ahmad thanked the Emir for the warm reception and also briefed the palace on the purpose of the visit which was to solicit for his voice and influence in speaking out for peace. Mal Ahmad said that CITAD, has with the support of MacArthur Foundation, been implementing a project on promoting peace and national unity, primarily using social media titled CITAD4Peace with the purpose of contributing to the restoration of peace especially in the northern part of the country where Boko Haram insurgency has been ravaging communities. Yakasai also explained other components of the project which includes conducting training for civil society organizations members to use social media to promote tolerance, diversity and peace in Northern Nigeria, developing and deploying social media platforms to be used to promote tolerance, diversity, peace and facilitate the formation of peace clubs in secondary schools and tertiary institutions across the region. He then ended his brine will a call on his Royal Highness for his fatherly advice and support and to join the growing voices of people of influential that are specking for peace in the country.
In response, the Emir thanked the team and pledged his full support to CITAD4peace. He urged all Nigerians to embrace the use of social media for peace promotion instead of using it to promote negative widespread of hate speeches especially the types being instigated by the bad ones in the society. He particularly was delighted to see that organizations like CITAD were putting social media to good cause and advised that more education should be conducted among the populace to enlighten them these positive aspects of the social media.

At the close of the meeting, the team leader handed over an advocacy kit to the Emir, containing copies of the book on Insurgency and Human Rights in Northern Nigeria, Social Media Peace Campaign: Training Primer as well as policy briefs, leaflets offering suggestions on tackling the issues and addressing the plight of internally displaced people In the region.




The Coordinating Committee on Hate Speech comprising of MacArthur Foundation, NSRP and CITAD on 23rd March held a one-day Stakeholders Forum on hate speech and the 2015 elections in Nigeria. It was conducted at the Board Room of Yaradua Centre, Abuja. It brought together civil society activists, media practitioners and regulators, political parties’ representatives, and human rights activists.

Attended by 45 people from various stakeholder organizations, the meeting had the goal ‘share understanding of the frame work on hate/ dangerous speech monitoring and categorisations and to identify other gaps that may possibly be filled up before the general elections in areas of dissemination of findings’. The specific objectives were:


  • Share findings of  what is happening in terms of hate / dangerous speech
  • Provide information about the work everyone is doing to counter hate / dangerous speech
  • Think together what else can be done before  the elections and also in the long term



The Forum commenced with a welcome remarks by Princilla Anut, the Deputy Project Manager who was represented by Lauratu Abdulsalam. She welcomed the participants to the meeting and expressed her appreciation that in spite of the many events happening that they, the participants opted to honor our invitation.


The first session was chaired by Saudatu Mahdi of WRAPA. In her opening remarks, she drew attention to the fact electioneering campaign in the country was suffused with hate speech and that we needed to do something to ensure that this did not degenerate to violence. She he invited Y. Z. Ya’u of CITAD to set the scene for the meeting, in setting the scene for the meeting, YZ said that this was a follow up to the earlier conference held in January at the end of which several organizations pledged to carry various activities around curbing hate speech., he said that the meeting today was to provide an opportunity for the different organizations to share  their experiences in the last two months, explain their successes and key challenges and for the meeting to collectively discuss on how to overcome these challenge, the forum he added would also allow the stakeholders to identify gaps as to areas left uncovered and develop better collaboration strategies and mechanisms for working together reduce hate speech in Nigeria political landscape. He added that although the meeting was holding just four days to the election, it was important to note that often the consequence of hate speech was usually felt more following election than during the campaign period when the statement made.

  1. Z. Ya’u then discussed the framework for the monitoring of hate speech in the country. He outlined the key attributes for the identification of hate speech in the Nigerian context. In the Nigerian context, he sees dangerous speech any speech act that is aimed at inciting the audience to denigrate against people others of the basis of ethnicity, religion, gender, geography and any other socially conceived parameter with the purpose of marginalizing them or placing them at some disadvantage that is contrary to the provisions of the universal declaration on human rights as well as the international covenants on rights of the people. Substantively, dangerous/hate speech in the Nigerian context is a speech act has that:
  1. Insults people for their religion
  2. Abuses people for their ethnic or linguistic affiliation
  3. Expresses contempt against people because of their place of origin
  4. Disparages or intimidates women or girls because of their gender
  5. Condones discriminatory assertions against people living with disability
  6. Abuses or desecrates symbols of cultural or religious practices
  7. Denigrates or otherwise ridicules traditional or cultural institutions of other people
  8. Deliberate spread falsehood or rumours that demeans or maligns or otherwise ostracizes other people on the basis of religion, ethnicity, gender or place of origin for the accident of one form of disability or the other

He then linked this to the Susan Benesch frame work in outlining the Hate and dangerous speech in Nigerian context which provides the basis for the categorization used in the monitoring of the hate speech by CITAD. He also informed that while adapting the UMATI coding framework, CITAD had added a couple of things including gender related aspects of danger speech.

In the last segment of his presentation, he gave out the key findings of the monitoring that CITAD had on hate speech for the period covering January to Mid-March, 2015. Among these were:

  • That about 70% of the people disseminating hate speech in the Nigerian social media space uses their identity and can therefore be reached in case of countering and follow up actions
  • That 76% of the hate speeches in Nigerian social media space were transmitted through face book either as a post in a private Page/group ,a Post in a public page/group or  a response to a post/forum, followed by online articles and twitter respectively.
  • English language is the major language used for dissemination of hate and dangerous speeches with a visible content in Hausa Language in the Nigerian Social media space.
  • Over 65% of hate speech practitioners were males with female making a small %
  • Greater percentage of the contents the posts uses a coded language and had been used in the fast and led to violence/harm.
  • There a number of messages circulated whose circulation earlier had caused violence in the country

This session was followed with comments and questions from the audience and was responded by Y.Z Yau

The second session was to be chaired by Prof. Chidi Odinkalu, who he had to leave mid-way as the Human Rights Commission had an appointment with Chief of Staff, thus in his place Dayo Olaide of MacArthur Foundation chaired,. But he before leaving Prof. Chidi Odinkalu made his contribution by first commending the organizers of the event, noting its significance in our efforts to ensure that we keep the peace. This session was chaired by Prof. Chidi Odinkalu the Chairman of National Human Rights Commission (NHRC). During this session Prof Chidi Odinkalu, who represented the Human Rights Commission, expressed concerned over the failure of political leaders in the country. Said political leaders have failed Nigerians and accused both General Muhammadu Buhari, the APC’s presidential flag bearer and President Good luck Jonathan, the PDP’s presidential flag bearer of not doing anything against those propagating hate speeches, in their names. Nigeria’s unity is not negotiable, politicians are destroying our country and we seem helpless. He added that the NHRC would come up with an accountability report after the 2015 General Elections, and warned that 2015 would be the last time politicians would commit electoral violence, hate speech as well as electoral malpractices and got away with it. He said he the NHRC which had been monitoring hate speech among other thing was ready to partner with CITAD and other to push for legislation that will criminalize hate speech with clear. NHRC would come up with an accountability report after the 2015 General Elections, and warned that 2015 would be the last time politicians would commit electoral violence, hate speech as well as electoral malpractices and got away with it

The session received presentations from the Press Council and APCON. Also speaking at the forum, Mal Ahmed Yelwa of the Advertising Practitioners Council of Nigeria, APCON, said they were on daily basis receiving complaints from both APC and PDP concerning hate speeches and added that his council never authorized any advertisement that was contrary to Nigerian laws. The APCON Representative lamented that the organization did not have the power to “organizations, we can only fine media organizations.  If we had powers to close down media organizations, the level of compliance would have been increased,” complained Mr.  Yelwa. He also mentioned that fines were too low and too easily paid by offenders.

The Nigeria Press made a presentation of its work on monitoring of the media. Presented by Mr. Nnamdi Njemanze, the full report, which was to be circulated later by email to participants, focused more on compliance of the media with ethics than just hate speech. The NPC monitors a couple of newspapers and magazines and assess them along certain themes such as balance, professional ethics, gender and languages. It is under language that hate speech comes under. He said that the organization issues a monthly report of its monitoring and invites stakeholders to take action based on the findings. The work of the NPC however, like NBC and APCON was hampered by the factor that law establishing them do not provide them with sufficient power to deal with erring journalists or media house.

The third session was chaired by Dr. Kole Shettima and was meant for stakeholders to share their experience in dealing with hate speech. There were:

  1. CITAD: The CITAD’s Program officer in charge of peace project Malam A.R Maidumbayya presented their efforts on countering Hate and dangerous speech. He out line four major strategies deployed by the organization in hate speech countering efforts such as:
    1. Influencing the Speaker through Counter speech in unison: In this methodology each monitor is assigned to engage two consistent hate speakers from among his source list. The monitors uses soft language to call on the hate speakers to order by outlining the danger of what he usually  post in the social media space and call on him/her to embrace peaceful alternatives for expressing his/her  views in public.
    2. Developing Audience Resistance to Dangerous Speech: Civil society organizations, media houses and influential leaders or co can force an influential dangerous speaker to withdraw certain hate speech incidences by speaking out loud against it, creating critical mass around the issue through massive condemnation and call for withdrawal of the speech. Using this methodology CITAD quickly responds to dangerous speeches made by high public figures through organizing press conferences in various offices, calling on its partners and other civil society organizations to do the same and calling on media houses to create critical mass around the issue with the sole aim of compelling the individual to denounce or reverse his comment before the public
    3. Counter speech By Influential Leaders: It is established that some of the indicators of successful counter speech are the same as the indicators of dangerousness for inflammatory speech. For example, there is evidence of success when a speaker with influence over the relevant audience gives a strong signal of disapproval of inflammatory speech – or of violence itself its, the audience tends to agree with him not to react to such a speech. In recognition of that CITAD raises media team to meet numerous community leaders ,celebrities and religious leaders ,get peace messages from them ,the media tem presents those messages in and interesting info graphical messages and promote the same via various social media platforms of the organization. In line with this CITAD made this visit to almost all the influential emirs of all the traditional states in the North east and the Northwest taking their powerful peace messages to the public. The team also introduces those among them that has presence in social media to CITADs various peace platforms in the social media and encourages them to make use   of them for campaign against hate speech
    4. Counter speech to refute falsehoods and supply reliable information-Adopting the Kenyan Uchaguzi.
    5. Reporting to Regulatory Agencies
  2. TMG which represented its report which countering a section on hate speech: Mr Salami who represented TMG shade light on how they deployed thousands of volunteers across the country who reports critical incidences of hate speeches in mass media, political rallies and other ]traditional medium. TMG make use of Rapid SMS technology in reporting the incidences from across the country which display its self automatically in to the dash board of TMG’s National information center. He expresses the trends in the incidents of hate speech across the different geopolitical zones of the country. He father restated that the incident of dangerous speech by politicians is ‘in the increase as the 2015 election draws closer.
  3. Office of HCHR: Mrs Adwoa Kufuor of the OHCHR made brief intervention that the office had been concerned about human rights situation in the context of the election and had been monitoring the situation IN Nigeria. The office welcomed the concern of this forum with hate speech as hate speech had been known to cause violence in many settings. She said the office was ready to collaborate with stakeholders in the efforts to curb hate speech in the media
  4. The APC Media Office represented by Alaba Yusuf made remarks on the fact that his party had been at the receiving end of hate speech especially by the government control media and have been denied opportunities by these organizations to even respond. He disclosed that the party had made formal complaints to the regulation agencies such as the NBC and APCON but so far no action has been taken
  5. The APC Campaign Committee represented Mrs. Lauretta Onochie: briefed the meeting of how the campaign office has made efforts to popularize the Peace Accord among campaign coordinators at the grassroots level by
  6. Although PDP was represented by the Special Adviser to the President on Police, Prof Rufai Alkali, he left without making any presentation or leaving any represented to make intervention

The final session which originally was meant to hear from security and law enforcement agencies was changed to an open session as these stakeholders did not. The session was chaired by Chitra Nagarajan of NSRP. Issues raised during the session included:

  1. Need to review the laws setting up some of the media regulatory agencies
  2. Indeed for media regulatory agencies to take onboard online advertising
  3. Need for closer collaboration among those involved  in efforts to curb hate speech in our media
  4. Sharing more strategies for countering hate speech
  5. The need for media unions to protect the jobs of their members who are victims for upholding professional ethics
  6. There was need for the NBC and the Press Council should operate in a more even-handed way in meting out sanctions to federal, state and private broadcasters
  7. The disregard of the requirement for APCON certificate to appended to advert submissions by media organizations
  8. The overbearing influence on political figures on media managers during campaign

Recommendations: arising from the Meeting

  • That more efforts needed to prepare against the upcoming elections of 2015
  • That concerted efforts needed to bring the perpetrators to book should any one uses dangerous speech
  • That regulatory agencies must be more proactive in exercising their constitutional rights of prosecuting the culprits
  • That there must be synergy between the various regulatory agencies to combat hate and dangerous speech in the mass media
  • The enabling laws of the regulatory agencies should be reviewed and be amended to prove steeper fines and sanctions for media houses disseminating dangerous speech must be reviewed
  • That there is there need to collectively push for a specific legislation against hate speech following the elections
  • That partners would continent to collaborate in seeking efforts to curb hate speech in the country
  • That media organizations must insist to have APCON certificate before placement of adverts

Breakfast at the palace of emir of katagun

By Ayuba Yusif Abubakar, CITAD, Bauchi Office

Katugum Emirate in Bauchi State is at the cross road of two major political centres, the old Kano and Bornu kingdoms. It had to maintain its autonomy because of the delicate balance that the two powerful neighbors had to maintain. Alos known as Guduri, the land is also a confluence of linguistic and cultural expression. With its people mainly consisting of Hausas, Fulanis and Kanuris as well as sprinkle of minority ethnic groups such as Bade, its presents a unique Hausa culture that is distinctive of all Hausaland. Fate can sometime be cruel: having in the past serve as a buffer zone in the unending conflicts between Kano and Bornu, now Katagum is still a buffer zone, this time against the onslaught of the Boko Haram insurgents across Yobe State along the border with Potiskum. It has had its unsavory experiences of the insurgent attacks with many people killed. So it was not accidental that it registered prominently on our peace advocacy mission.

There is also another confluence of sort in Katagum. Home to the both Jama’are and Katagum rivers, it has expansive flood lands and rich fadama which make not only suitable dry season farming that is so lucrative but also make fishing also a major occupation. The fishermen say if you want make a good catch, go to the river early. Os it was that in order to make the best our peace advocacy in Katagum Emirate, we decided to make it a breakfast meeting at the palace in Azare.

Our team led by Mal Ahmad Abdul Yakasai (along with Sufyan Lawal Kabo, Ayuba Yusif Abubakar, Programmes Assistant, CITAD Bauchi, Abdulla Yakubu, Logistic Officer and the home based of Isah Garba, Programmes Coordinator, CITAD Bauchi and Barau Abdullahi, Programmes Assistant, CITAD Azare) was on Saturday, 28th February, 2015 at the palace by 9am at Azare. The team had gone to see the Emir of Katagum, HRH Alhaji Dr. Muhammad Kabir Umar (CON) as part of the advocacy to get influential people to lend their voices to the peace campaign.

The team was met by the Makama of Katagum, Alhaji Aliyu Hussain on behalf of the Emir. Accompanied by the Secretary of the Emirate Council, the Makama warmed welcomed the team into the palce and explained why the Emir was not personally present to receive them. Responding, the leader of the delegation, Mal Ahmad Yakasai said they were in the Emirate first to express their solidarity and condolence to the people of Katagum Emirate over the various attacks by the insurgents in the Azare town that led to the death of several people. He said CITAD4Peace, the platform on which they were visiting the Emir was a project aimed at contributing in the restoration of peace in the northeast by mobilizing people and communities to collectively wok towards peace building. He explained that CITAD has been working with various partners in the different states sensitizing people on this civic responsibility. He said it was in this effort that the organization has undertaken a series of advocacy visits to influential voices in the region with a view to getting them to all speak out against violence and add their voices in the call for citizens to commit themselves to peace processes. He finally expressed the team’s appreciation and gratitude for the honor done to it by the Emir who graciously accepted to receive them at short notice.

Responding, the Emir thanked CITAD for the visit and commended her for her patriotic efforts in development overtime. He called on Nigerians to embrace peace and advised youths to resist being used as political thugs. He added that politicians who use youths to engage in political violence are compromising the lives of our youths. Instead of providing themselves to bad politicians as machinery for violence he urged youth to key into vast opportunities in the fast growing ICT sector that has being the mainstay of most developed countries.

At the end of the visit, the Emir was presented with some peace related publications on CITAD4peace and who on received the documents prayed for the success of the mission and wished the delegation a safe journey back home.